What is Addiction
Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Understanding change is needed – Call Revival now 760-887-1632
THREE CYCLES AND STAGES OF ANY ADDICTION
There are three basic stages in any addictive process. FIRST, there is a change in the thought process. SECOND, there is a change in how people deal with life’s ups and downs and relationships with others. THIRD, their lives and their physical and mental well-being erodes to the point where there is no control. As a result self harm may become a viable way out of their problem.
First Cycle – The Emotional Addiction
The person feels the need for emotional or social comfort or excitement, and uses something unhealthy to gain these needs. The person feels better for a time as this act has filled the need, but when the person gets in an uncomfortable situation or wants stimulation he unthinkingly connects relief with the act.
Second Cycle – The Mental Addiction
Over a relatively short time the act is fulfillment of the need and the person becomes mentally hooked. He needs to commit this act to cope with his emotions. Even the smallest visual, emotional, or olfactory cues associated with the act unconsciously reminds the person of comfort or the needed excitement and he becomes uncomfortable because he is not getting that comfort or excitement.
Third Cycle – The Physical Addiction
The act becomes a physical or mental necessity as the body or mind becomes addicted to the act. Overtime the body gains a tolerance to the act and need more stimulation. In such addiction where the act was originally used as a comfort or a coping tool to alleviate emotional or social discomfort, like in the addiction of drugs, alcohol, work or food, tolerance is overcome by performing the act more often.
Tolerance happens because the body or mind becomes used to the smaller dosages or occurrences of the act and needs more to get the same relief or high. The addict feels emotional pain and guilt because of the performance of the act because he can not control the continual need to do that act. Plus, depending on the addiction, there is the physical and/or emotional pain that results from withdrawal symptoms, because of the lack of the act.
Withdrawal Symptoms – Depression, Insomnia, Fatigue, Anxiety, Paranoia, Drug Craving, irritability, nausea (just to name a few)
Drugs in Depth
The word drug will be defined as “any substance, natural or artificial, other then food, thats by its chemical nature alters structure or function in the living organism.” One obvious difficulty is that we haven’t defined food, and how we draw that line can sometimes be arbitrary. Alcoholic beverages, such as wine and beer, may be seen as drug, food, or both. Are we discussing how much sherry wine to include in beef Stroganoff, or we discussing how many ounces of wine can be consumed before becoming intoxicated? Since this is not a cookbook but, rather a, a list on the use of psychoactive chemicals, we will view all alcoholic beverages as drugs.